The 2022 Federal Election has seen Australians vote for a radically different political landscape. A new Labor government led by Prime Minister Anthony Albanese, and the biggest collection of crossbenchers in the nation’s history, has replaced the outgoing Coalition government after nine years of rule.
Given Australia’s historical affinity for a strong two-party political system, the shape of the outcome was a surprise to some. But on social media, and in aspects of traditional media coverage, the winds of electoral change were blowing.
Traditional and social media diverged on the most-discussed issues
While both traditional and social media agreed that Employment and the Environment were the two most significant issues of the Election campaign, their divergence on other issues of significance hinted at the unprecedented result we saw.
On social media, the Environment was the top issue by a considerable margin, followed by Employment, then Integrity and Corruption, then the treatment of women.
Employment was the top issue in traditional media coverage of the campaign, followed by the Environment, the Economy, and Health.
This divergence in issues of priority between social and traditional media foreshadowed the drivers of this Election outcome, with the issue more prominent on social media, such as Integrity and Corruption, the treatment of women, and the Environment, being key issues that drove victories for teal independents and the Labor party.
Teal seats the most discussed
The teal independent wave that swept through Sydney and Melbourne featured heavily in media coverage of the Election ahead of polling day, with the top three most-covered electorates all won by independents.
The electorate of Kooyong, won by Dr Monique Ryan from former Treasurer Josh Frydenberg, was the most reported-on electorate throughout the Election campaign, by a considerable margin, with the Sydney electorates of Warringah and Wentworth the second and third-most covered, respectively.
Morrison had the higher share of voice, but Albanese narrowed the gap
In the first few months of 2022, as the leaders were preparing for the Election campaign, Scott Morrison unquestionably had a significantly larger media presence than Anthony Albanese, securing a 63% share of voice compared to Albanese’s 37%, for the period from 1 January until 21 May.
However, during the campaign, Albanese closed that gap considerably, down to a 54.5% share of voice for Morrison and a 45.5% share of voice for Albanese. Throughout the campaign, Albanese on occasion had days with a higher media profile than Morrison, and were it not for his forced week in isolation with COVID, it is probable that the share of voice gap between the two leaders would have closed further.
This tightening in the leaders’ share of voice was reflective of the media paying significantly closer attention to Albanese as polling day drew closer, elevating his profile and the electorate’s familiarity with him.
Controversy courts coverage, for some
The most reported-on Labor and Coalition members and candidates were consistently frontbenchers, with limited exceptions.
After Scott Morrison, seven of the 10 most-mentioned Coalition politicians were frontbenchers, led by former Treasurer Josh Frydenberg. The three politicians from outside the Coalition’s frontbench who made the top ten all did so for notable reasons.
The fourth most-mentioned Coalition politician, after Morrison, was Warringah candidate Katherine Deves, who attracted significant media coverage for her controversial views on transgender people. In seventh place was Dave Sharma, the now-former Member for Wentworth who ultimately failed in his attempt to retain his seat against the teal independent challenge from Allegra Spender. Queensland Senator Matt Canavan was in 10th spot, drawing media coverage for his criticism of climate targets and his unrelenting support of coal.
For Labor, their top 10 most-mentioned politicians, after Anthony Albanese, was far more straightforward, with all 10 being frontbenchers.
When it came to third-party and independents, the top 10 was considerably more interesting. Clive Palmer came out on top, with his sizable advertising campaign delivering him a good deal of media coverage, but it seems not much in terms of electoral success. Dr Monique Ryan, the teal independent candidate who triumphed in Kooyong against former Treasurer Josh Frydenberg, was in second, and Adam Bandt, Leader of the Greens, was in third.
The ALP scored more coverage than the Coalition
While Scott Morrison secured a higher level of coverage than Anthony Albanese during the campaign, Labor consistently outscored the Coalition on media coverage cumulatively. The ALP and its frontbenchers scored a 52.8% share of voice during the campaign, compared to the Coalition and its frontbenchers, on a 47.2% share of voice.
Labor consistently scored more media coverage than the Coalition, except in the second week of the campaign, when the two major parties were much closer. Labor stretched its lead in media coverage across the second half of the campaign, routinely achieving significantly more coverage than the Coalition.
Albanese’s COVID isolation proved a boon for his frontbench and Labor
When Anthony Albanese contracted COVID the day following the first debate, many people viewed it as a damaging moment for his campaign, given he would be ceding the media landscape to Scott Morrison while in isolation.
While Albanese’s media coverage did drop during the week he was off the campaign trail, it proved a boon for Labor and their frontbenchers, with many of them seeing significant growth in their media profiles, and Labor’s overall media profile growing 5.4% compared to the week prior to Albanese contracting COVID.
|Name||% growth in stories||Stories week prior||Stories during COVID week|
The Coalition ultimately couldn’t take advantage of the media space ceded by Albanese during that week, with the overall media profile of them and their frontbenchers dropping 1.6%, and Scott Morrison’s media profile falling by 14% compared to the week prior.
First debate tops campaign moments
The first debate between Scott Morrison and Anthony Albanese was the top moment of the campaign, based on the number of mentions the event had on a single day in the campaign.
The Coalition’s announcement of its policy to allow people to use superannuation to fund a house purchase closely followed, with the news that China and the Solomon Islands had signed a defence pact the third most-covered moment.
As Election night progressed, talk moved from a Hung Parliament to a Labor win
Throughout the Election campaign, commentators had consistently predicted a close outcome, one that may be difficult to call on the night. But when looking at the outcomes most discussed on Election night television coverage, talk quite rapidly swung to a Labor victory.
During the 8pm hour, talk of a Hung Parliament was on top, but as results from Western Australia started being counted, discussion of a Labor win streaked away, and talk of a Hung Parliament melted away.
Online coverage comes out on top
The continuing rise and rise of Online news was further confirmed during the Election, with Online coverage of the campaign making up 44.5% of total media coverage of the campaign. Radio and TV coverage were at around similar levels, making up 22.2% and 21.3% of total media coverage, respectively. Print coverage was the fourth-most prominent type of media coverage during the Election, making up 12.1% of total coverage.
The Election replaced COVID as the top story, but will it hold?
Finally, for the two years prior to the Election campaign, the COVID pandemic was consistently the top story in the news, with its hold only broken occasionally by major news events such as the 2020 United States Presidential Election, and Russia’s invasion of Ukraine, in February this year.
The Federal Election campaign has, however, become the first topic to consistently rank above COVID in the news. Since the Election was called on April 10, it was consistently the top story in the news, with its seven-day average of media coverage ahead of COVID every day.
Will the Election outcome, delivering a change of government and a radically reshaped electorate, result in COVID being permanently banished from the top spot in the news? Time will tell.
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We’re hosting a webinar on June 8 with four of Australia’s leading political insiders, Clive Mathieson, Eamonn Fitzpatrick, Annie O’Rourke and Ronald Mizen, to break down what communications and corporate affairs professionals can expect from the new Labor government and expanded crossbench.
Hundreds of leading Australian organisations have chosen Streem for their media monitoring needs. Find out why and learn more about what Streem can do for you and your organisation by getting in touch today. For journalists interested in bespoke data on the Election or any other issue in the news, get in touch with me, Jack McLintock, at firstname.lastname@example.org.